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Temperaments and DISC in L.A.B.E.L.

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The temperament theory and the DISC tool and method are widely known around the world, especially when it comes to the human resources universe.

Read the article and understand the origin of the tool, its practical use and the advantages of accessing this psychological model through L.A.B.E.L.

Difference between temperaments and DISC

The 4 temperaments and DISC, despite having different names, have the same base.

The origin of temperaments

Temperaments were created from humor. Humorism began with the philosopher Empedocles, who conceptualized the characteristics of the four basic elements: earth (cold and dry), air (hot and humid), fire (hot and dry) and water (cold and wet), which with this, could explain the existence of all substances. After this discovery, Hippocrates developed a medical model based on its four elements, relating them to the humors.

Years later, the Roman philosopher and physician Claudius Galen, who was dedicated to explaining the functioning of the human body, continued studying the theory of humors, now with a view to personality. This is because he believed in the direct relationship between the levels of moods in the body and emotions and behavior, which he called temperaments.

Philosophers who conceptualized and evolved the Temperaments.
Image 1 – Philosophers who conceptualized and evolved the Temperaments.

Galen’s 4 Temperaments

Galen created 4 temperaments related to the balance of humors in the body. Are they:

  • 1st Sanguine (air). The Sanguine is one who has a lot of blood, which means he is affectionate, cheerful, optimistic and confident, and can be selfish.
  • 2nd Phlegmatic (earth). The phlegmatic is one who suffers from excess phlegm, who is quiet, gentle, calm, rational and coherent, and can be slow and shy.
  • 3rd Choleric (fire). The choleric is irritable and suffers from excess yellow bile, being impetuous, energetic and passionate.
  • 4th Melancholy (water). The Melancholy suffers from excess black bile and is recognized for his poetic and artistic leanings often accompanied by sadness and fear, as well as being depressed, poetic and artistic.

The origin of DISC

DISC stands for Dominance, Influence, Stability and Conformity. The test is formed by a junction of responses, where the mapped responds by choosing several adjectives, based on free association, which measures temperaments. The tool does not measure personality, but healthy behaviors.

William Moulton Marston, a researcher at Harvard University, was responsible for the creation of the DISC method, disclosing it in 1928 in his book ‘The Emotions of Normal People’. Despite this, it was only in 1948 that the first DISC tool was created, with Walter Clarke as its author.

After these first steps, over the years, other scholars have evolved the tool and created their own versions. Thus, as a consequence, today there are several DISC tests, where each supplier presents the test, its questions and reports in different ways, without any type of standardization.

For Marston, there are 4 basic types of predictable behaviors observed in people:

  • D: Dominance – how each handles problems and challenges.
  • I: Influence – how each one influences the others.
  • S: Stability – how each one reacts to changes and its rhythm.
  • C: Compliance – how each handles rules and procedures established by others.
Image 2 – DISC

Temperaments and DISC – same base, new names


Comparison between the L.A.B.E.L. X DISC

Map the personalityFocusMapping learned behavior
102 dashesDepth4 dashes
15 psychological modelsMultiplicity1 psychological model
Raw and standardizedConsistency of interpretationStandardized
Has control indices against manipulationValidityNo protection from manipulation
21 thousand executives*Reference populationUnknown reference population
Only one model and supplier worldwide, with unique patentMeasurement and presentation of resultsNo default, varies by vendor
*When applied in Brazil

DISC at L.A.B.E.L.

Temperaments is one of 15 psychological models measured in the L.A.B.E.L.

Since the L.A.B.E.L. brings the temperaments, what’s the difference between doing DISC alone or accessing it through L.A.B.E.L.?

  • Mapping ACCURACY – while DISC can be manipulated, and this goes unnoticed, this issue is unimaginable in L.A.B.E.L, because of its Control Indices.
  • RANGE and DEPTH of analysis – DISC alone summarizes the mapped to 4 characteristics. With the L.A.B.E.L. the universe of features is expanded to 102.
  • PERENITY – Unlike L.A.B.E.L., DISC is situational. So the test needs to be reapplied regularly.
  • STANDARDIZATION – In DISC the analysis is the same for everyone with the same configuration. In the L.A.B.E.L. analysis is unique, as the different combinations are absolutely unique.
  • DIFFERENTIATION between very similar profiles – In DISC, the distinction between apparently similar profiles is quite limited. In the L.A.B.E.L., however close the results of two maps are, it is possible to identify the differences in intensity of the characteristics of each one.

Unlike other tools on the market, accessing temperaments and DISC through L.A.B.EL., it is possible to differentiate profiles that are theoretically the same. Also only at L.A.B.E.L. you can be sure that the result shows who the person is, without any kind of manipulation.

AUTHOR [Danielle Amate]