The temperament theory and the DISC tool and method are widely known around the world, especially when it comes to the human resources universe.
Read the article and understand the origin of the tool, its practical use and the advantages of accessing this psychological model through L.A.B.E.L.
The 4 temperaments and DISC, despite having different names, have the same base.
Temperaments were created from humor. Humorism began with the philosopher Empedocles, who conceptualized the characteristics of the four basic elements: earth (cold and dry), air (hot and humid), fire (hot and dry) and water (cold and wet), which with this, could explain the existence of all substances. After this discovery, Hippocrates developed a medical model based on its four elements, relating them to the humors.
Years later, the Roman philosopher and physician Claudius Galen, who was dedicated to explaining the functioning of the human body, continued studying the theory of humors, now with a view to personality. This is because he believed in the direct relationship between the levels of moods in the body and emotions and behavior, which he called temperaments.
Galen created 4 temperaments related to the balance of humors in the body. Are they:
DISC stands for Dominance, Influence, Stability and Conformity. The test is formed by a junction of responses, where the mapped responds by choosing several adjectives, based on free association, which measures temperaments. The tool does not measure personality, but healthy behaviors.
William Moulton Marston, a researcher at Harvard University, was responsible for the creation of the DISC method, disclosing it in 1928 in his book ‘The Emotions of Normal People’. Despite this, it was only in 1948 that the first DISC tool was created, with Walter Clarke as its author.
After these first steps, over the years, other scholars have evolved the tool and created their own versions. Thus, as a consequence, today there are several DISC tests, where each supplier presents the test, its questions and reports in different ways, without any type of standardization.
For Marston, there are 4 basic types of predictable behaviors observed in people:
|Map the personality||Focus||Mapping learned behavior|
|102 dashes||Depth||4 dashes|
|15 psychological models||Multiplicity||1 psychological model|
|Raw and standardized||Consistency of interpretation||Standardized|
|Has control indices against manipulation||Validity||No protection from manipulation|
|21 thousand executives*||Reference population||Unknown reference population|
|Only one model and supplier worldwide, with unique patent||Measurement and presentation of results||No default, varies by vendor|
|*When applied in Brazil|
Temperaments is one of 15 psychological models measured in the L.A.B.E.L.
Since the L.A.B.E.L. brings the temperaments, what’s the difference between doing DISC alone or accessing it through L.A.B.E.L.?
Unlike other tools on the market, accessing temperaments and DISC through L.A.B.EL., it is possible to differentiate profiles that are theoretically the same. Also only at L.A.B.E.L. you can be sure that the result shows who the person is, without any kind of manipulation.